Authors: Neelam Aziz and Dr Sheikh Saeed Ahmad, Fatima Jinnah Women University

Day One – Tuesday 25th June

Strand – Environment

Session Two: 2.45pm – 4.15pm

Electricity demand is increasing at an exponential rate in Pakistan with increase in its population and economic development. Currently Pakistan is facing huge energy crisis and there is a need to identify the sustainable potential source of energy for power generation.

This research article mainly focuses on the evaluation different possible energy resource scenarios for sustainable power generation in Pakistan on long term basis. This has been determined by using Long Range Energy Alternative Planning System (LEAP) software. The LEAP model was used to estimate the electricity consumption, generation, importation and carbon dioxide (CO2) emission related with them for the base year 2009 and projected till 2030 for future prediction.

The model was run under three alternative scenarios including Coal with cleaner technology (COA), Nuclear energy scenario (NUC) and Renewable Energy Scenario (REN) other than the business-as-usual scenario to evaluate the best possible energy source. The results indicated that coal with cleaner technology (COA) will provide the maximum increase in electricity generation with 3.5% reduction in CO2 emissions. While in case of Nuclear energy scenario (NUC) and Renewable Energy Scenario (REN) power generation increase to about 0.6 % and 0.8% and with 17.6% and 32.3% reduction in CO2 emissions respectively.