Start date:
March 2016
End date:
July 2019

During rapid urbanization and marketization, China has experienced unbalanced economic and social development - both between and within cities – and social groups. To promote social justice and sustainable development, not to mention political stability, the establishment and improvement of the prevailing social welfare system is crucial. However, the demographic transitions and social changes during the reform era pose a great challenge to China's present welfare system. Focusing on the unbalanced development of the Chinese welfare system, this collaborative research project aims to explore China's current welfare development, new forms of governance and propose practical and realistic policy recommendations for future development.

Research team
Xiao Lin
Beijing Academy of Social Sciences
Sin Yi Cheung
Cardiff University

Working Paper
New Perspectives on Welfare and Governance in Contemporary China
Introduction Over the last thirty years, China has undergone comprehensive and profound social and economic transformation. The rapid development of urbanization, marketization, informatization and globalization has brought China a series of major challenges. These include...
Journal Articles
Civil Society, Human Rights and Religious Freedom in the People’s Republic of China: Analysis of CSOs’ Universal Periodic Review Discourse
The International Journal of Human Rights 22(4) pp 503-524 This article examines religious freedom in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) using critical frame analysis of state and civil society organisations’ (CSOs) policy discourse associated with the United Nations (UN)...

Themes: Civil Society