The key aim of this project, funded by emda (the East Midlands Development Agency), was to provide a detailed assessment of the issue of in-work poverty in the East Midlands and its implications for regional economic performance. The project provided: a systematic literature review on in-work poverty; an analysis of the distribution of low pay workers in the region; a discussion and investigation of the links between in-work poverty and the region’s ‘low pay-low skill equilibrium’; and conclusions and policy recommendations.