Work has long been acknowledged as an important social determinant of health with research being conducted as to how a range of workplace, personal and job characteristics influence occupational health. Recent research has demonstrated the importance of the economic environment in terms of understanding movements in rates of workplace injury, both in terms of changes in the industrial and occupational composition of employment and the location of the economy within the business cycle. This report builds upon this evidence to provide an analysis of work related ill-health within the United Kingdom based upon data from the UK Labour Force Survey (LFS). The objectives of this research are to gain a better understanding of how personal, workplace and job characteristics impact upon health and in turn, how changes in the labour market contribute to our understanding of observed changes in work related ill-health within the UK and to reflect on the relative strengths and weaknesses of the LFS as a mechanism for collecting data on the incidence of work related ill-health.