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Excluded Lives is a multi-disciplinary project across the four jurisdictions of the UK led by the Department of Education at the University of Oxford and in partnership with the universities of Oxford, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Queen’s Belfast, and the LSE.

The overarching aim of this project is to provide a comprehensive and multi-disciplinary view of the different policies, practices and costs of formal, informal and illegal school exclusions across the UK.

The project will explore the different landscapes of exclusion and the experiences of the young people involved.

This research will provide the basis on which the consequences of different political economies may be understood, decisions of policymakers and professionals may be improved, and experiences of pupils’ and their families enhanced.

The research is organised into three work strands:

Strand A: Landscapes of exclusion

Strand A work packages examine the ways in which policies and legal frameworks shape interventions designed to prevent exclusions; the financial costs associated with exclusion; and patterns and characteristics of exclusion.

Strand B: Experiences of exclusion

Strand B work packages will focus on families’, pupils’ and professionals’ experiences of the risks and consequences of exclusion.

Strand C: Costs & Findings

Strand C will evaluate the costs of school exclusions at individual, institutional and system levels; carry out within and cross-jurisdiction analyses; and conduct full multi-disciplinary integration of these findings.


To find out more, visit the Excluded Lives website.